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Monday, November 22, 2010

0043 - The Icons of the Athoniada Chapel - Η Εικόνες του παρεκκλησίου της Αθωνιάδος

Tonight, in the process of reading my usual blogs, I came across something very interesting. Have a look at the below photograph, taken between the years 1880 - 1890. It was taken in the Icon studio of the Holy Monastery of St. Panteleimon (Rossikon).  Wim from the blog http://athos.web-log.nl/ uploaded this picture as part of recent post regarding old photos of the Russian Monastery.

Απόψε, διαβάζοντας τα καθημερινά μπλόγκς μου πρόσεξα κάτι πολύ ενδιαφέρον.
Προσέξτε την παρακάτω φωτογραφία που ανάρτησε ο Wim στήν σελίδα
 http://athos.web-log.nl/ από το 1880-1890.


Κοιτάξτε τις εικόνες που είναι ημικυκλομένες. Τώρα κοιτάξτε τις παρακάτω φωτογραφίες που έβγαλα στο παρεκκλήσι της Αθωνιάδος:
Take extra notice of the Icons which have a semi circled top. Now, take a look at the below photos which I took of the Chapel of the Athonias Academy (Former guest wing of St. Andrews Skete).




Προσέξατε τις ομοιότητες; Είναι πολύ πιθανόν ότι οι εικόνες στην παλαιά φωτογράφια είναι αυτές του παρεκκλησίου της Αθωνιάδος!

The Icons in the old photograph have an almost exact resemblance to the Icons of the chapel of the Athonias Ecclesiastical Academy (former guest wing of St. Andrews Skete).

My personal opinion is that the old picture of the Icons in progress of completion, is dated earlier than when it was actually taken. I believe the photo was taken after 1900 which ties in with the construction of the guest wing of St. Andrews Skete (1905-1916) and subsequently, the Icons were created to be placed in the chapels Templon, where they sit till this day.
The resemblance is too strong to be a coincidence.

It's amazing that we can track the life of these Icons over the centuries!!!

Saturday, November 20, 2010

0041 - Newly elected Metropolitan of Central Africa returns to Athoniada - Mount Athos

Metropolitan Nikiforos returns to Athonias after many years. As you may know from previous posts, he was a teacher and principal of the Athonias Ecclesiastical Academy, the oldest functioning academy in Greece.





Many thanks to Romfea.gr

Thursday, November 11, 2010

0040 - Holy Skete of Bogoroditsa


The Skete is located on the north eastern mountain side of Mount Athos, 1 hours walk from Pantokratoros Monastery and a half hour from the Skete of Prophet Elijah. 
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It celebrates its feast day on the 15th August, The Dormition of the Theotokos, and is caled Bogoroditsa which in Bulgarian means "The one who gave birth to God".
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It belongs to the Panteleimonos Monastery (Rossikon).
The Skete is built in a valley that resembles an amphitheatre on the right hand side of a ridge which originates from the north of a forested range. This range is part of its small territory, and is also the border with Pantokratoros Monastery.
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The ancient Monastery of Ksilourgou existed near the location that the Skete is built, at around 700 metres above sea level. The name Ksilourgou cam from the occupation of its founder who was named Theodosios. 
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In December of 1143 the Skete is bequested by decree of the Protos to Abbot Christopher and its monks were Russian. O the 15th of August 1169, The Protos of Mount Athos grants the Monastery of Thessalonikeos (current Paleomonastiron) to the Skete known then as Ksilourgou Monastery, because it had so many monks that they could no longer fit in the Monastery. In 1312, the borders between the Monastery of Ksilourgou and the Monastery of Vatopediou were drawn up. Vatopediou Monastery is a distance of 1 hour and 20 minutes away. 
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In 1340 in the reign of Serbian king Stephan Dousan, Serbian monks lived in the Skete. In 1810 however, Bulgarian monks lived at the Skete. In 1818 the Skete took its current form after ceturies of being a small cell.

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Toward the end of the 19th century, the Skete had 32 monks, of which the majority were Bulgarian (25) and the rest Russian. Due to the ethnic split in the brotherhood, many disputes arose especially during this period when much of Athos was being "Russianised".
Around the Skete, around 20 ancient cells, now in ruins exist due to the Sketes idiorythmic nature pre 1800. 

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In the beginning of the 2oth century the new double storey building is built north of the Katholicon in the place of the old building which was demolished.
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On the top floor of this building exists the most beautiful chapel of Saints Methodios and Cyrill the enlighteners of the Slavic people. 
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On the same floor of the adjacent wing the guest rooms are located and direclty beneath these is the kitchen and trapeza which seats 120. 

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The southern wing was built in 1847. On the east of the Skete, there are no buildings.
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The Kyriako church or Katholikon is quite small and was built in the middle of the 18th century. To the east of the Katholiko, a chapel dedicated to Saint John of Rila is located.
At the Skete there once existed a Miraculous Icon of the Thotokos Glikofilousa. In an attempt to safe guard the Sketes treasures during the Greek Revolution all the treasures were sent to the Island of Psara for safe keeping. The island was destroyed as well as its Cathedral, were the Sketes treasures were stored. 
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Today a copy of the miraculous Icon exists in the Katholikon next to the bishop's throne. 
Due to the many fires that the Skete was subject to, many of its original architecture no longer exists. 
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The majority of the Sketes bulidings are in a bad state. The chapel of Saints Cyrill and Methodius however, is maintained well. 
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Up untill recently, about 25 important slavic scrolls were kep at the Skete. They are now at Zografou Monastery for safe keeping. 
The Skete's treasures include, a small piece of the true Cross, relics of Saints Efthimios, Ignatios and Acacios of Iveron, St. John Chrysostom, Saint Panteleimonos, Saint Barbara, Saint Theoforos, Saint Iganatios, Saint Marina, St. John of the cave, St, Gregory the Theologian, Evangelist Matthew, St. Anastasios of Persia, Saints Cyrill and Methodios, St. George the new, St. Evdokimos of Vatopediou and St John of Persia amongst others. 
Today the Skete is inhabitated by very little monks.  

The photos below are from the website:

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Once again a big thank you to our friend kelliotes for the original post in Greek. 

http://agioritikesmnimes.pblogs.gr/2010/11/1673-iera-skhth-mpogoroditsa-theogennhtra-h-arhaia-monh-xyloyrgo.html

Saturday, November 6, 2010

0038 - Holy Relics kept at Athonite Monasteries.


The tomb of St. Athanasios the Athonite, founder of The Holy Monastery of Megisti Lavra and organised monasticism on Mount Athos.


The holy gifts, given to Jesus by the three wise men in Bethlehem in their reliquary kep at the Holy Monastery of Agiou Pavlou, Mount Athos.


The largest piece of the Holy true Cross in the world, kept at the Holy Monastery of Xiropotamou, Mount Athos.


  
A piece of the Holy Skull of St. Andrew the first called Apostle, kept at the Holy Skete of St. Andrew, Karies, Mount Athos.


The Holy Skull of St. John Chrysostom, with his ear still intact. It is said that his ear has remained incorrupt because an Angel of the Lord would whisper into this ear whilst he was writing his numerous works. It is kept at the Holy Monastery of Vatopediou, Mount Athos.


The incorrupt right hand of St. John Chrysostom, kept at  the Holy Monastery of Philotheou, Mount Athos.




The Holy right arm of St. Andrew the first called Apostle, kept at the Holy Monastery of Vatopediou, Mount Athos.



The Holy leg of St. Panteleimon, kept at the Holy Monastery of Vatopediou, Mount Athos.



The Holy right hand of St. John the Baptist, kept at The Holy Monastery of Dionysiou, Mount Athos.

Monday, October 25, 2010

0033 - Our dear former principal - Ordained Metropolitan of Central Africa

Photos from the ordination to bishop of our much loved and respected former principal of Athonias Ecclesiastical Academy (Athoniada).

ΑΞΙΟΣ, ΑΞΙΟΣ, ΑΞΙΟΣ!!!!






Photos courtesy of the Patriarchate of Alexandria's website.
http://www.patriarchateofalexandria.com/

Thursday, October 21, 2010

0032 - The Holy Monastery of Vatopediou has been cleared of any wrong doing.


See: http://vatopaidi.wordpress.com/2010/09/25/χωρίς-ζημίες-το-βατοπέδι/

and this video in Greek: http://www.skai.gr/player/tv/?mmid=205345

The Greek government has been covering up the fact that the land swaps were legal. Two separate land valuators have found that the property values were not inflated therefore the Greek Government was not at a loss. 





0031 - The history of Athonias Ecclesiastical Academy "Athoniada" Mount Athos - Part 2


In 1821 the academy ceases to operate due to the Greek war of independence. At this point the last of the classes were held at the old site.


In 1842 the academy re-opens in Karies. At this point the old building near the Holy Monastery of Vatopedi was in ruins and very expensive to renovate. With many donations, a new building is erected in Karies in 1844.



Zoes Kaplanis and Eugenios Voulgaris leave a significant amount to the academy in their last will and testament's for the upkeep of the academy.
In this time many important and great monks taught at the academy. Bartholomew of Koutloumouseiou, Daniel of Pantokratoros, Christophoros of Prodromou, Chrysostom of Great Lavra, Joasaf of Great Lavra and many others.
A new period begins for Athoniada from 1930, when with the decision of the Holy Community, the scholl is transferred from its current buiding in Karies to the external guest wing of the Skete of St. Andrew (Sarai).


Father Athanasios of Pantokratoros, a Theologian and an enlightened personality of Agion Oros and its traditions, is appointed Dean of the academy. He was also renouned for his deep knowledge of law and administrative capabilities.


Unfortunately, he remains Dean for only 1 year.
His successor is Archimandrite Joacheim of Iveron who leads the academy for only 1 year, also.
Father Athanasios of Pantokratoros  then returns to and resumes his leadership of the Academy. Athoniada continues operating up until the beginning of the second world war in 1940. On the 3rd of October 1953, Athoniada re-opens under the leadership of Father Nathanael of Great Lavra.
 In 1967 Father Nathanael is elected Metropolitan of Kos, Dodecanese. The leadership of the academy is given to his Grace, Bishop Chrysostomos of Rodostolou, graduate of Athoniada and graduate of the Theological Seminary of Halki in Constantinople.

 During his tenure, the academy goes through a glory period and ends in 1988 when the leadership is taken over by Archimandrite Nikeforos Mikragianites (current Metropolitan elect of Central Africa).



He goes above and beyond for the continuation of the glory period of the academy. In 1997, he resigns, and for a small period of time, Father Meletios Sevastakis continues the leadership. A short time after, Archimandrite Gabriel Reppas of St. Nicholas Kellion, just above St. Andrews, is elected Dean of the academy. It is worth mentioning that Father Gabriel was a graduate of Athoniada and at the time a teacher of the academy.
In 2001 he resigns due to a multitude of reasons. From 2001 to 2008 the academy operates without a Dean and is lead by various graduates and former students which taught there.
 Currently, the Academy is lead by Archimandrite Ierotheos Zacharis, graduate of Athoniada, and teacher of Theology.


 

Friday, October 8, 2010

0030 - Our dear former principal - Newly elected Metropolitan of Central Africa.


Yesterday, 7th of October 2010, our dearest former principal of Athonias Ecclesiastical Academy, Archimandrite Nikiforos of Mikra Agia Anna Skete, Mount Athos was elected as the new Metropolitan of Central Africa by the Holy Synod of the Patriarchate of Alexandria.

All people who have met or have been guided by Fr. Nikiforos will agree with me in saying that he is one of the most outstanding fathers of our modern era known for his modesty, wisdom and leadership.
He guided the students of the Athonias Ecclesiastical Academy firstly as a teacher beginning in 1977 and then as Principal from 1988 to 1997. Many students benefited from his leadership, direction, compassion and strictness as a teacher and as a life guide.
Father Nikiforos is one of very few pioneers of Orthodox Ecclesiastical Education in our modern era. After Athonias, he led Ecclesiastical academies in Albania and Africa.

I was truly gifted by having Fr. Nikiforos as my Principal between the years of 1992 - 1996 at Athoniada. He has a teaching style and ability to convey his subject to students in a way, that would totally immerse you in the subject for the duration of the class.
Blessed are his future flock, clergy and laity, in his Metropolis of Central Africa, who are to have such a great figure of modern ecclesiastical education as their leader.

We pray that God gives him strength, endurance and further enlightenment to serve his Holy Metropolis.

ΑΞΙΟΣ!!!! ΑΞΙΟΣ!!!! ΑΞΙΟΣ!!!!

see:
http://www.romfea.gr/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=6003:2010-10-07-11-10-30&catid=13

and

http://agioritikesmnimes.pblogs.gr/2010/10/683495.html

Wednesday, October 6, 2010

0029 - A special thanks to Professor James S. Cutsinger

For all of the readers of this blog who have read my series of posts on the pilgrimage of Professor James S. Cutsinger, I hope that you enjoyed this series. I was amazed when I first read his blog in early 2008, the detail and descriptions brought me closer to Mount Athos, a place where I "grew up" and had not been for an extended period of time up until the end of 2008.

I would like to thank Professor James S Cutsinger for writing such a marvellous journal and then sharing it to the world through his blog which I then republished in order to bring it to my readers who have a great interest in Mount Athos - Agion Oros.

May God grant him many years full of health and wisdom to continue writing, and teaching!

Thank You!

0028 - The Pilgrimage to Mount Athos of Professor James S. Cutsinger Part 9 & Final.

Day Eight: Wednesday, 20 June — Simonopetra to Ouranoupolis
I left off writing yesterday in the mid-afternoon before the simantron 




sounded for Vespers, when we had our first chance to hear the beautiful chanting of the much-recorded monks of this monastery. I am told that Simonopetra is the only community on the Mountain to employ full double choirs at every service, though perhaps Vatopedi is not far behind. In any case it was quite a change from the soloist cantors we had experienced thus far on our pilgrimage, and it was the first really powerful use of theison (the drone note of Byzantine chant); the resonating richness of the sound was breathtaking. As usual Vespers was followed by a light supper, and then it was back to the catholikon 


for a short Compline service and the opportunity to venerate the relics, including in this case the right hand of Saint Dionysios the Areopagite and the left hand of Saint Mary Magdalene—



which is incorrupt and from time to time heats up to body temperature! “This,” said one of the fathers, in a memorable understatement, “is rather unusual.” I can only assume he was speaking in comparison with the hundreds of more “usual” Athonite relics!
At this point—it was probably 7:00 p.m. or so—Trevor went to get his camera, and we spent the rest of the evening with Father Maximos, walking first to the cave of Saint Simon,

 the monastery’s founder, just a short distance outside the gate and around a bend in the road leading past the monastery’s aqueduct.

Here we passed through a small anteroom, from which we were able to climb a narrow rock-cut stairway onto a tiny ledge where the saint slept. Tradition has it that Saint Simon, emerging from this grotto on a mid-thirteenth-century Christmas Eve, caught sight of the Star of Bethlehem in the sky. A single shaft of light was shining down upon the huge rock tower upon which Simonopetra (Greek for “Simon’s rock”)

now stands, and a voice told him that here he should build a monastery: hence its dedication to the Nativity. In recent times Saint Mary Magdalene has come to be regarded as a second founder of the community, for after the great fire of 1891 the abbot, who was already traveling in Russia with the saint’s hand, was able to raise money for rebuilding the monastery by displaying this wonder-working miracle in many cities.
We continued walking along the road further up the hill above the monastery. Simonopetra has the best view of the peak of Athos of any place we have yet stayed, and we paused at several exquisite vantage points for photographs—including one of Trevor and me 

taken by our obliging new friend. We came at last to a small grassy plateau, a spot to which the monks process every Bright Monday with all the monastery’s relics and many of its icons. Back down the hill we spent a few minutes opposite Saint Simon’s cave in a small gazebo, catching sight of a small pod of dolphins cavorting just off shore in water that was growing increasingly gilded by the soon-to-set sun. We then continued further down, down through a number of terraces to a point below the monasterywhere the gardener,



 Father Mardarios, was busily taking advantage of the cool of the evening. Father Maximos told us that this one wiry monk—a veritable elf out of Middle-earth—was almost solely responsible for planting, tending, and harvesting an extensive, many-terraced array of trees and plants, including grapes, figs, beans, peppers, tomatoes, apricots. The terraces [1] [2] [3]








are connected by a network of ladders and steps that have been cut into the walls, and as we clambered down one of the ladders from one heavily-vined plot to the next, Father Maximos observed, very rightly, that it was all rather like Swiss Family Robinson!
Father Mardarios soon finished his work and joined us on the balcony of his workshed,

where he insisted on our having some ice water, almonds, and little cookies as we enjoyed the sunset and talked about his gardening methods (organic except during droughts and other “extreme situations”), the sources of electrical power at the monastery (solar first,


then hydro, then a back-up diesel generator), and the importance of obedience in the monastic life (he told us a story about a monk he had heard about in a nearby cell who disobeyed his elder by going fishing without the elder’s blessing and was eaten by a shark!). I expressed my amazement at the incredible labor and skill involved in his care of the extensive gardens, to which he responded that it was “all God and Saint Triphon”, the patron saint of gardeners, whose icon was appropriately positioned in a little shrine near the greenhouse.
As the evening unfolded we had an opportunity to talk at some length with Father Maximos about Athonite spirituality. I asked at one point whether there is such a thing as a “typical prayer rule” for the monks. His answer was no, but he also stressed that one’s cell rule was never discussed with anyone except one’s spiritual father, so that “except for the geron nobody really knows, or should know, what others are doing”. Generally speaking, however, one could certainly say that each of the fathers probably uses some form of the Jesus Prayer during the hours before Orthros, but how many times it is repeated, according to what rhythm and at what speed, with or without how many metanias (bows) or proskyneses (prostrations), over what length of time—all this can vary considerably.
This discussion gave Father Maximos an opportunity to talk about differences between monastic communities. I mentioned the Elder Ephraim and the several monasteries he has established in America, notably Saint Anthony’s in Florence, Arizona. Philotheou, from which his American mission was launched, had been described to us elsewhere on the Mountain as being especially strict. Father Maximos explained that the now-retired (and very ill) Abbot Aimilianos, the elder of many of the monks at Simonopetra, always insisted on joy as an essential element in the spiritual life, and indeed we had noticed more smiling monks here than elsewhere. Father Maximos described a far more relaxed spiritual ethos at Simonopetra in general, and specifically between each of the monks and the abbot. He spoke of someone he knew eating too many cookies when he was serving as guest master and of this person going to the abbot and asking to be given the obedience of no longer eating them, or at least a limit on how many he could eat. “I’m not going to tell you what to do,” the abbot responded. “You’ve got to do this for yourself!” In the same vein he remarked that the spiritual life should be guided, not by inflexible rules that all and sundry must follow, but by “what works”. I thought of the Buddhist idea of upāya, or “skillful means”. And of course different strategies work best for different people, he added.
The fathers of Simonopetra speak a great deal, and very reverently, about the former abbot, Aimilianos, widely regarded as a living saint and true hesychast, and of the extent and depth of his spiritual influence, both on the Mountain and elsewhere throughout the world. One of the fathers had come to the monastery years earlier as a pilgrim. Someone brushed past him while he was standing in the courtyard one evening, lightly touching him on the shoulder, and it was as if he felt suddenly “empty”—of his ego and everything associated with the world—and thus correspondingly open to the plenitude of God. It turned out the person who had touched him was Aimilianos. We were also told that Father Aimilianos had said, upon first meeting the monastery’s present abbot when the latter was only fourteen, that this would be his successor, and so it was almost forty years later. Many, many hours of Father Aimilianos’s talks were recorded and are available for the fathers to listen to in the monastery library.
Coda
Back to Ouranoupolis, we spent the rest of this day decompressing and reacquainting ourselves with the ways of “this world”: enjoying a much larger meal 


than we had had for a week, browsing in the little shops—where I secured a lovely hand-painted copy of the Virgin as ephor(overseer) of Mount Athos, one of the favorites of the monks—and noticing repeatedly what exotic-looking creatures women are!
I decided to take an evening stroll down a dirt and gravel road leading out of the village and winding back along the coast in the direction of the Mountain. About a half hour outside of town the road simply comes to an end. There is a small quarry to one side, where they appeared to be breaking rock into slate tiles, and on the other side a little metochion(dependency) of one of the monasteries, sitting like a guardhouse on the border of another world. Two large signs stood nearby, one in Greek and one in English, with the same forbidding message: “Access to the Holy Mountain of Athos strictly prohibited. Border patrolled. Entry restricted to ferry to Daphne/Karyes”—as if, I thought, the density of the surrounding underbrush and the ruggedness of the landscape were not enough to deter all but the most seasoned hikers and rock climbers from attempting an overland entry!
It was a curious sensation, having been to Mount Athos, now to confront so daunting a barrier. Something in me wanted to feel a bit smug, privileged, in-the-know. I, after all, had been to this forbidden place, circumventing these doubtless feeble patrols and their ineffective warnings! I had walked within the Secret Garden and was now safely returned to tell the tale. Thankfully, these foolish musings were quickly repelled by a rapid series of questions: Had I really been there? Was I ever truly on the other side of this barrier? And what in any case is the “other side”? How many depths within depths does it have? What outermost skin had I only just lightly brushed, and how much more must there be to the breathing, beating life within?
I think of the concluding paragraph of one of Father Maximos’s articles, a copy of which he was kind enough to give me:
“We expect, and perhaps demand, that every revelation be an unveiling, a drawing aside of the curtain, a lifting of the veil. But when the object of revelation is not an object at all, but that which is invisible and beyond predication, then it can give itself to us only through an event or appearance that is also a concealing. Divine transcendence, divine hiddenness, remains absolute, and yet providentially reveals itself by concealing itself in a sacred veil, which is at once the revelation of, and means of participation in, the very life of God” (“Symeon of Thessalonike and the Theology of the Icon Screen”, Thresholds of the Sacred, ed. Sharon E. J. Gerstel [Harvard University Press, 2006], p. 183).

As published in ANAMNESIS the weblog of Professor James S. Cutsinger.

http://www.cutsinger.net/wordpress2/?page_id=68